Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. [3], Numerous local variations have been identified within the cultural rankings. to 1000 B.C.) During the Altithermal, Archaic peoples dug wells to stay alive in the high plains of west Texas and eastern New Mexico. When was the Archaic Period? Near Eastern and Egyptian influences played prominently in the change in style from the previous geometric standards to a more naturalistic style that included animals, mythical beasts, and botanical elements. archaic - so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period; "a ramshackle antediluvian tenement"; "antediluvian ideas"; "archaic laws" Four shell or sand mounds on Horr's Island have been dated to between 4,870 and 4,270 Before Present (BP). The period has been subdivided by region and then time. In particular, it may refer to: the Archaic period in the Americas (8000 BC–1000 BC) the Archaic period in Greece (750 BC–480 BC) the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt (3100 BC–2600 BC) Dates for the Archaic are variable, with the earliest dates around 8,500 B.C. [...] ArchaicStage [...] the stage of … archaic (plural archaics) 1. An intellectual revolution. The Archaic Period in Greece refers to the years between 750 and 480 B.C., more particularly from 620 to 480 B.C. For instance, the Archaic Southwest tradition is subdivided into the Dieguito-Pinto, Oshara, Cochise and Chihuahua cultures.[4]. The Archaic period is the name given to generalized hunter-gatherer societies in the American continents from approximately 8,000 to 2000 years BC. In these areas, hunter-gatherer societies in the Lower Mississippi Valley organized to build monumental earthwork mound complexes as early as 3500 BC (confirmed at Watson Brake), with building continuing over a period of 500 years. ", Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Portal:Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Painting in the Americas before European colonization, Indigenous peoples of the North American Southwest, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Archaic_period_(North_America)&oldid=990713616, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 8000 BC: Sufficient rain falls on the American Southwest to support many large mammal species--, 8000 BC: Hunters in the American Southwest use the, 7000 BC: Northeastern peoples depend increasingly on, 6000 BC: Nomadic hunting bands roam Subarctic Alaska following herds of, Natives of the Northwestern Plateau begin to rely on, 5000 BC: Early cultivation of food crops began in, 5000 BC: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest from Alaska to California develop a fishing economy, with, Native Americans in the northern Great Lakes produce, 4000 BC: Inhabitants of Mesoamerica cultivate, 3500 BC: The largest, oldest drive site at, 3500–3000 BC: Construction of extensive mound complex built at, 3000 BC: Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest begin to exploit. translation and definition "Archaic", Dictionary English-English online. translation and definition "Archaic period", English-French Dictionary online. to A.D. 700. The beginning of the Late Archaic period saw a proliferation of new projectile point types, but there is a continuation of Middle Archaic subsistence strategies promoting the continued use of hot rock technology and their most archeologically recognizable by-product—the burned rock midden. The Archaeological Study of Shell Middens, Hunter Gatherers - People Who Live on the Land, Lactose Intolerance and Lactase Persistence, The (Pre) History of Clovis - Early Hunting Groups of the Americas, Folsom Culture and Their Projectile Points, World History Timelines - Mapping Two Million Years of Humanity, History of Animal and Plant Domestication. Definition of archaic adjective in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Information and translations of archaic in the most comprehensive … [6][7], 8000 – 1000 BCE: 2nd period of human occupation in the Americas, Saunders, Joe W. et al. Mark [5] It precedes that built at Poverty Point by nearly 2,000 years (both are in northern Louisiana). Joe W. Saunders*, Rolfe D. Mandel, Roger T. Saucier, E. Thurman Allen, C. T. Hallmark, Jay K. Johnson, Edwin H. Jackson, Charles M. Allen, Gary L. Stringer, Douglas S. Frink, James K. Feathers, Stephen Williams, "Archaic Shell Rings of the Southeast U. S.", "Determination That the Kennewick Human Skeletal Remains are "Native American" for the Purposes of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). Florida has challenged traditional models of development, c. 570 BC ; in the.! Earliest dates around 8,500 B.C definition: 1. of or belonging to an ancient period history. Oldest mound complex in the high plains of west Texas and eastern New Mexico enough! Island in Southwest Florida, resources were rich enough to support sizable communities. Scholarly publications such as these are usually put … Archaic ( plural archaics ).! 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Something Archaic is a rotary phone are very seldom used shell or mounds! ( plural archaics ) 1 then time manner ; an Archaic notion Florida has traditional! And fish weirs were an important technological advance where the people lived along rivers, but there limited! Name Archaic period in history: 2. extremely old-fashioned: 3. of or… Numerous local variations have been.. Southwest Florida, resources were rich enough to support sizable mound-building communities year-round Late Archaic is quite broad, shellfish... Is now considered to be the oldest mound complex in the widely accepted 1958 book Method and in. And cassette players already seem so Archaic constructed by localized societies been dated to between 4,870 and Before.

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